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Longitudinal Changes in Smoking Abstinence Symptoms and Alternative Reinforcers Predict Long-Term Smoking Cessation Outcomes

Drug and Alcohol Dependency

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Robert A. Schnoll, Ph.D.; Brian L. Hitsman, Ph.D.; Sonja Blazekovic, B.A.; Anna Veluz-Wilkins, M.A.; E. Paul Wileyto, Ph.D.; Frank T. Leone, M.D., M.S.; Janet E. Audrain-McGovern, Ph.D.