Parents Quit IT: Tailored Messaging and Decision Support to Help Parents Quit Smoking in Pediatric Settings

Secondhand smoke exposure affects more than 40% of the US pediatric population and exacerbates and/or increases the risk of disease morbidity and mortality. By helping parents quit smoking, pediatricians protect children and families from the harms of tobacco. Pediatricians are uniquely positioned to intervene but appropriate treatments are delivered to parent smokers less than 3% of the time. Major barriers to wider adoption include lack of understanding of effective pediatrician-parent communication regarding tobacco cessation treatment and mechanisms to systematize, consistently deliver, and scale effective interventions.

The research embedded in this career development award proposes: developing theory-based messages that engage parents in tobacco cessation treatment (Aim 1), identifying effective methods for delivering these messages using clinical decision support (CDS) tools (Aim 2), and measuring the impact of these messages on parent quit rates (Aim 3).