CHIBE in the News

WFMZ: Researchers from CHOP, Penn receive $5.3 million grant to reduce unnecessary hospital monitoring practices

By In the News

From WFMZ: Researchers from Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) and the University of Pennsylvania have received a $5.3 million grant from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) to conduct the Eliminating Monitor Overuse (EMO) clinical trial, seeking to discover how best to reduce the overuse of unnecessary monitoring strategies for infants who have a common lung infection called bronchiolitis. The goal is to reduce these commonplace practices that are currently unsupported by evidence, save patients and hospitals from the burden of unnecessary expenses, and focus on more effective methods of monitoring pediatric health. Deimplementation studies seek to reduce practices that are overused by clinicians, especially…

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VAntage Point: VA doctors seek to harness artificial intelligence to target care for sicker Veterans

By In the News

From VAntage Point: A few groups of VA researchers are using artificial intelligence (AI) to identify Veterans at high risk of hospitalization or death. That can help ensure these Veterans get the best care possible. One potential approach was described in a recent article in the journal PLOS ONE. The research pinpointed subgroups of high-risk Veterans. The idea was to match patients with the right types of care, explains the study’s lead author, VA cancer physician and investigator Dr. Ravi Parikh. His colleague, lead investigator Dr. Amol Navathe, a VA internal medicine physician and health economist, said, “Not only can this understanding of…

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The Washington Post: Why is having too much free time as bad for you as having too little?

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From The Washington Post: Have you ever had one of those days — that turned into weeks — when you had approximately 645 things to do and not a single minute for leisure time? According to study results published earlier this month in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, an individual’s well-being increases in correlation with their free time — but only to a certain point. While having too little free time isn’t healthy, having too much also diminishes well-being. “What we found is that a moderate amount of free time or discretionary time is kind of the sweet spot that…

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Penn Medicine News: Gun Violence Exposure Associated with HIgher Rates of Mental Health-Related ED Visits by Children

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From Penn Medicine News: Exposure to neighborhood gun violence is associated with increased odds of mental health-related pediatric Emergency Department (ED) visits among children living within four to five blocks of a shooting, according to research by the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, published today in JAMA Pediatrics. The study revealed a significant increase in pediatric mental-health related ED visits following incidents of neighborhood gun violence, most pronounced in the two weeks after the shooting, among children residing closest to where the violence occurred, and among children exposed to multiple shootings. Of…

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Knowledge at Wharton: How Language Boosts Customer Satisfaction

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From Knowledge @ Wharton: Great customer service is the holy grail of sales. When customers feel satisfied, they spend more money and are more likely to come back. Happy customers write positive reviews online and share their experiences through word of mouth. But great customer service is also really hard. Shoppers complain that sales associates aren’t listening to them or are just going through the motions. There is a simple and cost-effective way to fix that, and Wharton marketing professor Jonah Berger has new research that explains how. He found that when sales agents use concrete language, they make customers feel seen,…

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The Philadelphia Inquirer: Guess which states are best at requiring vaccines? Not the ones you might think

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From The Philadelphia Inquirer: The term mandate may sound clear-cut, with no wiggle room. But the success of such policies can vary widely depending on how they are implemented, said Alison Buttenheim, an associate professor at the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, who studies the behavioral aspects preventing infectious diseases. And as the showdown in New Jersey illustrated, the vaccine issue transcends party lines. The state’s Democratic lawmakers generally supported the move to eliminate religious exemptions and Republicans opposed it, but there were exceptions. And each year, New Jersey and many other blue states fall well short of getting…

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The Daily Pennsylvanian: ‘Warming is human activity’: Penn experts urge climate action on campus and beyond

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From The Daily Pennsylvanian: Penn experts on climate action, some of whom contributed to the groundbreaking Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change published this summer, are emphasizing the urgency of climate action and reaching net-zero carbon emissions, particularly after the recent severe flooding and tornadoes that tore through Philadelphia. Howard Kunreuther, ​​a professor in The Wharton School who also serves as co-director of Wharton’s Risk Management and Decision Processes Center, identified three major takeaways from the report. First, he said humans are witnessing climate change and carbon emissions creating more serious problems than anyone had anticipated even one or two years ago. Second, he advised…

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VICE: Against the Pursuit of Happiness

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From VICE: Anyone who has looked forward to special days like birthdays, vacations, holidays, or, say, “hotvax summers,” knows these anticipated delights can be a letdown. The happiness, pleasure, and fun we expect to have doesn’t measure up to reality. This phenomenon has a name: the paradox of hedonism, or, sometimes, the paradox of happiness. It’s the strange but persistent observation that pleasure often vanishes when you try to pursue it directly. Simply put, if you try too hard at happiness, the result is unhappiness. “Happiness is something that generally tends to creep up on us when we’re not thinking…

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Bloomberg Law: As Vaccine Incentives Flounder, Messaging Revamp Called Critical

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From Bloomberg Law: A Biden administration push for states to pay low-income residents to get the Covid-19 shot is clashing with research findings that certain financial incentives are largely ineffective—leaving government officials on the line for new ways to bolster vaccination numbers. States across the nation have offered up gift cards, lottery tickets, and other perks to nudge the vaccine hesitant to get the jab. The Medicare agency is encouraging states to do more, greenlighting funds to create incentives for recipients of the Medicaid and Children’s Health Insurance Programs. But research from academics at the University of Pennsylvania and the University of Chicago shows…

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Persuasion: How to Boost Vaccine Uptake

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From Persuasion: My attitude toward vaccine reluctance has gone through something like Elisabeth Kübler-Ross’s five stages of grief: denial (“They’ll come around”), bewilderment (“How could people believe so much nonsense?”), frustration (“Seriously, what are these people thinking?”), anger (“It’s an epidemic of idiocy!”), and finally, acceptance (“Calm down, take a breath, this is complicated”). Acceptance does not mean moral acceptance. Nothing in this column suggests that people who choose to endanger themselves, their families, and their communities are doing something admirable. In a sober, sane, science-minded, non-polarized, high-trust, data-driven country, everyone without a compelling medical or religious reason would be rushing…

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