CHIBE in the News

Governing: The Vaccination-Exemption Challenge

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Dr. Alison Buttenheim recently penned an op-ed piece for Governing discussing the current vaccination-exemption challenge. As more and more parents opt out of vaccinating their children and more outbreaks of headline-grabbing diseases such as measles and pertussis, many states are strengthening their vaccination-exemption laws.  For instance, California, offers no non-medical exemptions for parents who do not wish to comply with school-mandated vaccinations.  So while there have been fewer measles outbreaks, there has been a 150% increase in medical exemptions in California over the past year. Buttenheim discusses how state legislators can balance both protecting disease outbreaks and the collective “herd…

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Reuters: Two out of three U.S. adults have not completed an advance directive

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A team of researchers led by Katherine Courtright, MD, MS, revealed that 63 percent of American adults have not completed an advance directive, reported by the most comprehensive study to date on the subject.  Advance directives are the primary tool for individuals to communicate their wishes if they become incapacitated and are unable to make their own health care decisions, particularly near the end of life. Read more at Reuters and Fierce Healthcare.

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Pew Trusts: What Drives Inappropriate Antibiotic Use in Outpatient Care?

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A professor of epidemiology at the University of Pennsylvania was recently mentioned in an article by the Pew Charitable Trusts regarding inappropriate antibiotic prescribing in outpatient settings across the United States.  The article discusses various factors that influence the decision to prescribe, and how to improve prescribing by understanding behavior. Read more at the Pew Charitable Trusts.

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Knowledge@Wharton: How Anticipating Future Variety Curbs Consumer Boredom

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Wharton marketing professor Barbara Kahn, PhD, MBA, recently co-wrote a paper debunking the idea that consumers respond positively to an endless supply of the exact same product. Through controlled lab experiments, Kahn and her team found that when consumers are offered more variety for future consumption, their perception of present satisfaction changes. Knowledge@Wharton interviewed Dr. Kahn to investigate what this study means for markets, read the transcription here.

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Healthcare Finance: Healthcare industry should employ behavioral economics to change outcomes, increase financial success

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Interviewed by Healthcare Finance, David Asch, MD, MBA, suggests that behavioral economics, or “strategies to bypass people’s cognition,” is necessary for the healthcare system to be better off financially and patients to be healthier.  Asch says that behavioral economics “recognizes people are irrational — in predictable ways. Decisions are affected by emotions, bias, social context. The solution is design. We’re all irrational. The key insight in behavioral economics is that we’re all irrational in highly predictable ways.” Read more of Dr. Asch’s interview here.

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MedPage Today: Triple Attack on Drug Nonadherence Still Fails in Post-AMI Setting

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MedPage Today discusses the results of a study done by Kevin Volpp, Director of the Center for Health Incentives and Behavioral Economics, Dr. Shivan Mehta, Dr. David Asch, Dr. Andrea Troxel, among many others affiliated with the center. The study was done to determine if there were any statistical differences in hospitalizations based on an intervention combining wireless pill bottles, lottery-based incentives, and social support among acute myocardial infarction (MI) survivors. Unfortunately, this study showed that a system of medication reminders using financial incentives and social support did not improve medication adherence. Read the original JAMA article here. Read more…

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Philly Voice: Penn medical school alum confronts what ‘no one wants to talk about’ in new podcast

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Philly Voice highlights Dr. Lauren Kelly, a recent graduate of the Perelman School of the University of Pennsylvania, began producing her own podcast, “When I Die, Let Me Live”, that explores how we talk about death.  “I’m on a journey to talk about the one thing that no one wants to talk about,” Kelly says in the first episode. “Death is something that happens to all of us, yet it hardly comes up.” The idea for “When I Die, Let Me Live,” became realized with support from Scott Halpern, director of the Fostering Improvement in End-of-Life Decision Science (FIELDS) Program…

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Penn News: Six Research Projects at Penn Bolstered Through Quartet Pilot Competition Funding

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CHIBE partnered with three other centers and schools across the University of Pennsylvania to support The Quartet Pilot competition. The grants provides support for innovative or exploratory research projects leading to National Institutes of Health grant applications. “We are seeing increasing synergy in the scholarship between our faculty at the Perelman School of Medicine, the Population Studies Center in Arts & Sciences and Wharton represented in the Quartet,” Kevin Volpp, CHIBE’s Director, said. “This creates a nice opportunity for us to help facilitate further interdisciplinary interaction between our groups, and we are quite excited about that.” Heather Schofield, an affiliated…

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